Bubble Sort

How the algorithm works#

Bubble sort works by going through the list and each time swapping an element one after another. On each pass through the list, one of the number is sorted to its corrected position. Until the whole list is traversed and it's sorted.

The complexity of this algorithm is O(n^2) which is really bad, and this kind of algorithm is rarely used in actual use cases, it is one of the simplest algorithms to understand, so we'll go through it.

Implementation in Javascript#

function bubbleSort(list = []) {
// Avoid mutating the original array
let listCopy = [...list]
// first loop, grabs a number
for(let i = 0; i < listCopy.length; i++) {
// second loop, takes that number through the whole list and sorts it
for (let j = i + 1; j < listCopy.length; j++) {
// first number is greater
if (listCopy[i] > listCopy[j]) {
// swap it, note: this can be extracted
let temp = listCopy[i];
listCopy[i] = listCopy[j];
listCopy[j] = temp
return listCopy
bubbleSort([3, 4, 1, 2]) //Expect: 1, 2, 3 4